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Deb Gaby thinks about the importance of baseline information early in the school year.

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Things start to fall apart in a classroom when a beloved teacher is replaced with a long-term substitute. Deb Gaby shares how an analogy helps the class get back on track.

Balancing Whole-Class and Independent Reading in Middle School

The choice between whole-class novels or independent reading can be a false one in many middle school classrooms. Katie Doherty’s sixth graders discuss their reading together of a novel in verse, and Katie explains how some shared whole-class texts can support independent reading.

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Deb Gaby uses a bridge metaphor in a comprehension minilesson for second graders.

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As she confers with first grader Kendall, Deb Gaby skillfully weaves questions about home and reading together.

Using a Strategy Card in a Reading Conference

Deb Gaby confers with second grader Reagan early in the school year. She is reading her first chapter book, and using a reading strategies "toolkit" for support.

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